Senin, 26 November 2012


ving attention is an expression to give attention or show your affection to somebody. You give attention to someone when he/she looks sad, pale or wears nice thing or to react of a deliberation.


                                                                    GIVING INSTRUCTION

Giving Instructions

Giving instruction is an expression for give or ask somebody to do something that we want.

Giving instruction same with imperative sentences.

Giving instruction are:

* Verb (+ O).

e.g:Watch out, come here, etc.

· Please + V (+ O).

e.g:Please clean your room.

· V (+ O) + Please.

e.g:Wash this towel, please.


· Don’t + V (+ O).

e.g:Don’t close it!

· Don’t + V (+ O) + Please.

e.g:Don’t be noise,please.

· Would you mind not + V-ing (+ O).

e.g:would you mind not reading my book.

Kinds of giving instruction:

· Verb 1.


§ Wash your hand.

§ Sit down.

· Be + adjective.


§ Be your self.

§ Be a good student.

§ Be happy.

·Don’t + V-infinitive.


§ Don’t armb!

§ Don’t disturb!

§ Don’t touch!

· No + V-ing.


§ No smooking!

§ No swimming!



[•]The definition of Advertisement:
Advertisement is promotion of goods, services, companies, and ideas that must be paid by a sponsor.
[•]Function of Advertisement:
[•]Language of Advertisement:
-Using the correct or suitable words
-Using positive expression
-Using the interesting and suggestive expression
-Text of advertisement should be directed to the goals
[•]In making Advertisement, keep the following points:
The contents of advertisement must objective and honest
-Short and clean
-Does not allude other group or producer
-Use word that polite and logical
-Attract attention
[•]Kinds of Advertisement:
-Family advertisement
-Invitation advertisement
-Sponsored advertisement
-Requested advertisement
-News advertisement
-Announcement advertisement
-Goods advertisement
-Merit advertisement 
-Offer advertisement
-Article advertisement


Announcement is a public statement containing information about an event that has happened or is going to happen; "the announcement

    Example of announcement:


The Definition of Appointment
  Appointment is a kind of expression which is used to conduct an appointment.

Expressions We Can Use to Make and Accept an Appointment  
  Here are some expressions we can use to make and accept an appointment.
•]Making an Appointment
 1.Will you go out with me ….? (example: tonight)
 2.I’d like to make an appointment with …. (examples: you, him, her)
 3.Will you pick me up at ….? (example: tomorrow morning 2 p.m.)
 4.Can I come and see you?
 5.Can we meet at …. (examples: Kitchen Restaurant, Hotel) 

[•]Accepting an Appointment
1.Okay. I’ll be there on time.
2.No problem. I’m free …. (examples: on Sunday, at that day, at that time)
3.Sure, I love it.
4.Good idea.
6.All right, see you there.
 •Expressions We Can Use to Cancel an Appointment
1.I’m sorry. I can’t meet you today. I have to see my dentist. Can we reschedule?
2.We’re terribly sorry we have to cancel our appointment. Mr. Tanaka’s flight is delayed for two hours.
3.I’m afraid I have to put off put appointment because I have an urgent business to do.
4.Sorry. I can’t meet you this weekend since I have another appointment.
5.Sorry, I can’t meet you tomorrow. I’m busy at that day.

[-]Dialog 1 (Accepting an Appointment)
Daniela           : Let’s see Aunt Michelle in the hospital.
Cliff                : I’m sorry, not now.I have to finish the homework and send it to Ms. Rita.
Daniela           : What about tomorrow afternoon at 4 p.m.?
Cliff                : Tomorrow afternoon at 4 p.m.? O.K.
The sentences in bold are used to make and accept an appointment. In the dialog, Daniela makes an appointment with Cliff to see Aunt Michelle in the hospital tomorrow afternoon at 4 p.m. Then, Cliff accepts the invitation by saying, “Tomorrow afternoon at 4 p.m.? O.K.”.
[-]Dialog 2 (Cancel an Appointment)
Rose    : Hello Eva. I’m glad to meet you here. I want to say something with you.
Eva      : Are you? Is there something wrong?
Rose    : Yes. I have to postpone our appointment to visit Lelly this afternoon.
You know, I have to finish my assignment and collect it tomorrow. I’m sorry.
Eva      : That’s O.K. Maybe some other time.
The sentence in bold is used to cancel an appointment. In the dialog, Rose has to cancel the appointment because she has an assignment to finish. Although Rose cancels the appointment, Eva is alright. She says that she’s O.K. with that.


Generic Structure dari Narrative Text
  • Orientation : It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are introduced.(berisi pengenalan tokoh, tempat dan waktu terjadinya cerita (siapa atau apa, kapan dan dimana) 

  • Complication : Where the problems in the story developed. (Permasalahan muncul / mulai terjadi dan berkembang)

  • Resolution : Where the problems in the story is solved. Masalah selesai, --- secara baik "happy ending" ataupun buruk "bad ending".
Contoh Narrative Text (1)

Sincere Will Get a Great Return

Once upon a time, there was a kingdom named Auretto, all people lived peacefully there. One of them was Charlita, the king’s daughter who was assumed as the most beautiful and kindest Princess of Auretto.
One day, Charlita looked blue. Because of that her father got confused. “What’s the matter my beautiful daughter? Why are you so sad?” asked King Fernando. Charlita was just silent. She did not say anything.
Then, King Fernando decided to make a competition to cheer Charlita again. After that, the palace representative announce: “I will make a competition. The aim is to make my daughter, Princess Charlita to be happy and laugh again. Everyone who can do it, will get a prize. It will be held tomorrow when the sun rises. Sign: King Fernando.”
The following morning, everybody came to the palace, tried to give their best performance. They seemed happy and laugh, but not for Princess Charlita. She was just silent and still looked sad.
King Fernando started to give up. No one amused his daughter. Then, there came a young handsome man. “Excuse me King Fernando. I would like to join your competition. But, would you mind if I took Princess Charlita for a walk?” said the young man gently. “As long as you make my daughter be happy again, it will totally alright.” said King Fernando. The young handsome man took Princess Charlita for a walk in a beautiful blue lake with a green forest around it. Princess Charlita smiled and looked happy after that. Every body looked happy, too. “I know why are you so my beautiful daughter. Now, I promise I will environment green. I regret for always destroying it. Finally, the environment around the kingdom became so beautiful and green, full of plants. Then, the young handsome man got a prize from the king. “I will marry you off my daughter.” said him. “That is the prize I promise for you. Thanks for keeping our environment well. Thanks for making my daughter happy again.”

Contoh Narrative Text (2)

The Legend of Rawa Pening
Once upon a time, there was a little poor boy came into a little village. He was very hungry and weak. He knocked at every door and asked for some food, but nobody cared about him. Nobody wanted to help the little boy.

Finally, a generous woman helped him. She gave him shelter and a meal. When the boy wanted to leave, this old woman gave him a “lesung”, a big wooden mortar for pounding rice. She reminded him, “please remember, if there is a flood you must save yourself. Use this “lesung” as a boat”. The “lesung” was happy and thanked the old woman.The little boy continued his journey. While he was passing through the village, he saw many people gathering on the field. The boy came closer and saw a stick stuck in the ground. People challenged each other to pull out that stick. Everybody tried, but nobody succeeded. “Can I try?” asked the little boy. The crowd laughed mockingly. The boy wanted to try his luck so he stepped forward and pulled out the stick. He could do it very easily. Everybody was dumbfounded.

Suddenly, from the hole left by stick, water spouted out. It did not stop until it flooded the village. And no one was saved from the water except the little boy and the generous old woman who gave him shelter and meal. As she told him, he used the “lesung” as a boat and picked up the old woman. The whole village became a huge lake. It is now known as Rawa Pening Lake in Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia.



Generic structure (susunan umum) recount text ini terdiri dari:

  • Orientation tells who was involved, what happened, where the events took place, and when it happened. ("Orientation" menceritakan siapa saja yang terlibat dalam cerita, apa yang terjadi, di mana tempat peristiwa terjadi, dan kapan terjadi peristiwanya)
  • Events tell what happened and in what sequence. ("Event" menceritakan apa yang terjadi (lagi) dan menceritakan urutan ceritanya)
  • Reorientation consists of optional-closure of events/ending. ("Reorientation" berisi penutup cerita / akhir cerita)

My Adolescence

I had my adolescence when I was thirteen.

It started with acne that showed up on my face. It was very annoying. It lowered my self-esteem and I was embarrassed to come out of my house and play with friends.
Fortunately, my Mum gave me a good medicine. In three weeks, the acnes started to vanish although those showed some black spots in my face.

That was my bad experience with adolescence, though there were still lots of good experience too.

Analisa :

Orientation : Paragraf pertama, (I had my adolescence when I was thirteen)
Events : Paragraf kedua dan ketiga.
Reorientation : Paragraf keempat (terakhir)

My Holiday in Bali

When I was 2nd grade of senior high school, my friends and I went to Bali. We were there for three days. I had many impressive experiences during the vacation.

First day, we visited Sanur Beach in the morning. We saw the beautiful sunrise together. It was a great scenery. Then, we checked in to the hotel. After prepared our selves, we went to Tanah Lot. We met so many other tourists there. They were not only domestic but also foreign tourists.

Second day, we enjoyed the day on Tanjung Benoa beach. We played so many water sports such as banana boat, jetsky, speedboat etc. We also went to Penyu island to see many unique animals. They were turtles, snakes, and sea birds. We were very happy. In the afternoon, we went to Kuta Beach to see the amazing sunset and enjoyed the beautiful wave.

The last day, we spent our time in Sangeh. We could enjoy the green and shady forest. There were so many monkies. They were so tame but sometimes they could be naughty. We could make a close interaction with them. After that, we went to Sukowati market for shopping. That was my lovely time. I bought some Bali T-Shirt and souvenirs.

In the evening, we had to check out from the hotel. We went back home bringing so many amazing memories of Bali.

A Beautiful Day at Jogja
ditulis oleh 

Last week, my friends and I went to Jogja. We visited many places.

First, we visited Parangtritis beach. The sun shone brightly and the scenery was very beautiful there. We felt the wind blew across to us. We also saw a lot of people in that beach. There werw many birds flew in the sky. Also, there were many sellers who sold many kinds of souvenirs. Second, we visited Gembira Loka Zoo. We saw many kinds of animals there such as monkeys, tigers, crocodiles, snakes, etc. We looked around in that Zoo, and also took pictures of those animals. Then, we felt hungry, so we went to a restaurant. As soon as we finished our lunc, we decided to go home.

For me, that was a beautiful day. we really enjoyed it, and I hope I could visit Jogja again.


Procedure text is a text to describe how to make or doing something
Ingredients :

  • 350 gr. Long Grain Rice
  • 2 Tbs. Vegetable Oil
  • 3 Eggs
  • 1 Onion
  • 2 Green Chillis, Sambal Ulek or Sambal Badjak.
  • 1 Garlic Clove
  • 1 Leek
  • 1 teaspoon Ground Coriander
  • 1 teaspoon Ground Cumin
  • 250 gr. Chicken meat
  • 250 gr. Shelled Prawns
  • 3 Tbs. Kecap Manis

Steps :

This dish is best made from cold leftover rice, but you can cook a fresh batch and leave it to cool for at least 4 hours. Beat the eggs and make into a omelette, slice into strips and set aside. Heat the oil in a wok or large frying pan. Add the chopped onion, leek, garlic and chillis. Fry until the onion is soft. Add the Coriander and Cumin. Slice Chicken into strips and add with the prawns to the onion mixture and cook, stirring occasionally until they are well mixed. Add the rice, soya sauce and omelet strips and cook for a further 5 minutes.Decorate with some of the leftover leek and serve hot. Enjoy. 



A round shape, drawn like this:


A shape with three sides. Sometimes the sides are equal—sometimes they aren’t. Their names are sometimes different depending on the length of the sides. We will show you the common ones:

Equilateral triangle—this triangle has 3 equal sides.
Isosceles triangle—this triangle has 2 equal sides.
Scalene triangle—this triangle has no equal sides.


A box shape, with four equal sides—opposite sides are parallel, drawn like this:

Parallel means non-intersecting. For example, parallel lines means that if the two lines kept going forever, they would never cross over each other—they would always be an equal distance apart.


Another box shape, with two sets of equal sides. Equal sides are opposite each other. The sides are parallel to each other. It’s drawn like this:


Another 4 sided shape, with one set of parallel lines (the other set of lines is not parallel), drawn like this:


A shape with five sides. They can be drawn many different ways, but these are the most common:

The pentagon on the left is known as a regular pentagon, because all of its sides are the same length. The one on the right is also a commonly known pentagon, shaped like a house.


A shape with six sides, drawn like this:


A shape with seven sides, drawn like this:


A shape with eight sides, drawn like this:

You’ll notice that the octagon is the shape they use for stop signs.


A shape with nine sides, drawn like this:


A shape with 10 sides, drawn like this:


A shape with 12 sides, drawn like this:


All of these shapes are polygons. A polygon is a shape made of lines that could be colored in (all the lines meet and it has a “middle”).
Most of what you will be asked to do with these shapes is recognize them and draw them, so memorize how many sides they have, what they look like, etc. Other things may include calculating the area and/or perimeter of these shapes. If you’re trying to find area or perimeter, read our page on Area and Perimeter.


SHAPES Simple Straight sided shapes
Simple Rounded shapes
3D shapes
Mathematical shapes
Pentagon – 5 sides
Octagon – 8 sides
Miscellaneous shapes

shoulder (s) = bahu
neck = leher

arm (s) = lengan

chest = dada

hand = tangan

knee = lutut

leg = kaki (dari pangkal paha ke bawah)

foot = kaki

2 feet = 2 kaki

stomach =  perut

nipple = puting

navel = pusar

throat = tenggorokan

head : kepala
elbow(s): siku
back : punggung
calf(calves) : betis
heel(s) : tumit

a. heel ( s ) = tumit
b. toe nail (s) = kuku
c. little toe (s ) = kelingking kaki
d. big toe ( s ) = jempol kaki


Invitation is the way to invite someone or more to go to place or to do something.
Purpose is to invite someone or more to come to an event.
There are two types of Invitation :
•Formal Invitation
•Informal Invitation
Invitation is the way to invite someone or more to go to place or to do something.
Purpose is to invite someone or more to come to an event.
There are two types of Invitation :
•Formal Invitation
•Informal Invitation

   [•]Formal & Informal Inivtation
Formal invitation is usually originate from institutes, companies and a kind of it. Normally formal invitation is written invitation.
Informal Invitation is personal invitation given to a friend, family, etc. Informal invitation can be written invitation and verbal invitation.
[•]Example of Formal Inivtation

   [•]Formal & Informal Inivtation
Formal invitation is usually originate from institutes, companies and a kind of it. Normally formal invitation is written invitation.
Informal Invitation is personal invitation given to a friend, family, etc. Informal invitation can be written invitation and verbal invitation.
[•]Example of Formal Inivtation [
Example of informal Invitation
[•]Extending (Expressions of Inviting)
  I would like you to come to my house.
Would you like to come to my restaurant?
How would you like to go camping with us next month?
If you are not busy, please try to come to my office.
Are you free this evening? 
[•]Accepting an Invitation 
I’d love to
I like tha
That sounds great
Thank you for the invitationThat would be wonderful
[•]Declining / Refusing
  I’d love to, but I can’t 
  I’m really sorry because I can’t come 
  Sorry, I’m really busy
  I’d love to, but I won’t be able to
  I’d love to, but I don’t think I can
  Sorry, I can’t go with you
  Sorry, that would not be possible . Thanks anyway
  [•]Dialogue of Invitation
 Ludi Invites Maya to go to a Movie
Ludi  :  Hi, Maya. There will be a great film tonight. It’s about vampire.
Would you like to go to the movie with me?
Maya  : Yes, I’d like tonvery much. When will you pick me up?
Ludi   :  I’ll pick you at 7.00. Be ready, OK!
Maya   : Alright.